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Wing Configurations

 Wing Configurations

  • The wing is first responsible for creating lift is moving rapidly through the air is fabric in many shapes and sizes, and the design of wing provide most flight characteristics, the shapes of wings is alerted by the controlling the amount of lift generated and the balance and various operation speeds.
  • There are two types of edge on the wing the leading edge and trailing edge and can be curved or straight, some is curved and other is straight, or maybe the both of them can be tapered , and the wing is close at the tip than at the root where it joins the fuselage of aircraft, and the wing the tip can be rounded and square, and the wings connect to the fuselage at bottom or mid-fuselage or at the top.
  Wing Structure
  • The wings of an aircraft are design for create lift, and the designing of the wing is depending on a lot of numbers of factors like size and weight of aircraft and desire speed for flight and landing and rate of climb, the wings exist in the right and in the lift and is the corresponding side of the operator when his a seat in the cockpit.
  • Some aircraft use in wing external struts are fabric from steel usually (is using to reduce drag) to supporting the wing and carry the aerodynamic but others have full cantilever design is support internally by structural members assisted by the skin of aircraft.
  • On the wing the vertical supports also called jury struts is locate in struts is attached to the wing and has great distance from the fuselage of aircraft is used to stable struts movement that caused by airflow around the strut when is flying.
  • The most material used in the construct of the wing usually aluminum and can be covered  by magnesium, the most aircraft ahs tend toward lighter and stronger materials used in construction for the airframe and entirely the wing made from carbon fiber and all this combination of thos materials to obtaining maximum strength and gain weight.
  • Usually the internal of the wing is made from running spanwise and spars and ribs and bulkheads running chordwise on the wing, the principal member of the wing spars because is supported all distributed load like concentrated weight such a fuselage, engine, landing gear and the skin is attached to the wing structure of aircraft and there are loads impose during flight is to transfer the stress to the wing ribs of the aircraft.
 The part who is transfer loads to the wing spars are ribs :
  • The design of the wing is concentrated at three fundamental type
  • Monospar
  •  Multispar
  •  Box beam

  • When we are the talk about monospar is incorporate only main spanwise in the construction of the wing , but the multispar is incorporate on more of the main longitudinal member in the construction of the wing.
  •  The ribs are provided a supply to the airfoils, is like strict monospar wing isn’t common, by this type is modified by the addition of false spars along the trailing edge to just support of control surface for  use on the aircraft.
  •  The box team is using 2 main longitudinal member has connecting ribs to provide additional strength for the wing, for much carry tension and compression for the wing  is used a simple device called corrugated sheet located between the bulkheads and smooth outer skin.
 Wing Spars
  • This a principal part of the wing corresponds to the longerons of the fuselage, it’s run parallel to the lateral axis, exactly from the fuselage to the toward the tip of the wing is attached by wing fitting or truss is made from composite materials depend for the function of aircraft, some wooden spars are made from spruce with type is give more strength .
  •  There some types by configuration: solid, box-shaped, from of an I beam, for the box-shaped usually use laminated wood and he has a material provided to reduce weight and give strength and most wing spare is basic rectangular in shape with long dimension is made from aluminum, and I beam spar the vertical is called web and the top and bottom called caps.





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