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  Flight Controls and the Lateral Axis 

  •  Is defined as a line that runs below the wing, from wingtip to wingtip, passing through the airplane’s center of gravity. Movement around this axis is called pitch, and control around this axis is called longitudinal control. The flight control that handles this job is the elevator attached to the horizontal stabilizer, a fully moving horizontal stabilizer, or on a v-tail configured airplane, it is called ruddervators.
  • a ruddervator on a Beechcraft Bonanza. Depending on the airplane being discussed, movement around the lateral axis happens as a result of the pilot moving the control wheel or yoke, the control stick, or on some airplanes, a side stick.
  •  On the Cessna 182, have pulled back on the control wheel causes the trailing edge of the elevator to deflect upward, causing an increased downward force that raises the nose of the airplane. The movement of the elevator causes the nose of the airplane to pitch up or pitch down by rotating around the lateral axis.
  •  On the Piper Cherokee Cruiser PA-28-140 the pulling back on the control wheel causes the entire horizontal surface, or stabilator, to move, with the trailing edge deflecting upward. The anti-servo tab seen on the Cherokee provides a control feel similar to what would be experienced by moving an elevator. Without this tab, the stabilator might be too easy to move and a pilot could overcontrol the airplane.
  •   The ruddervators on the Beechcraft Bonanza are also moved by the control wheel, with their trailing edges deflecting upward when the control wheel is pulled back. As the name implies, these surfaces also act as the rudder for this airplane.

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