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Runway excursion

 Runway excursion 

  • Runway Excursion is the event in which an aircraft veers off or overruns the runway surface during either takeoff or landing.
  • One of the world's most commonly reported events can end up either being an incident or a fatal accident.
  • There are four types of runway excursions: 'Takeoff veer off, 'Takeoff overrun'; 'Landing veeroff' & 'Landing overrun' out of which, Landing overruns & veer offs are among the majority.

The Major factors Responsible for this excursion can be seen as :

Landing Overrun Factors:

  • Wet/Contaminated runway
  • Tailwind
  • Long landing or Incorrect decision to land
  • Speed too high
  • Late/incorrect use of brakes & reverse thrust.
  • Aquaplaning
  • Too high on approach

Landing Veeroff Factors:

  • Crosswind
  • Wet/Contaminated runway
  • Nose wheel steering issues
  • Hard landing
  • Landing gear collapse
  • Tire failure
  • Asymmetric power

Takeoff Overrun Factors:

  • Wet/Contaminated runway
  • Abort/reject - After V1
  • Tire failure
  • Takeoff mass too high/incorrect

Takeoff Veeroff Factors:

  • Crosswind
  • Wet/Contaminated runway
  • Nose wheel steering issues
  • Asymmetric power

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